Birth Control Methods

Birth Control Methods - Columbus gynecologyFamily planning is a serious issue for any woman. Whether you want to have children or not, birth control methods give you choices. Birth control is available in many different forms, and most are only available with a prescription. Your Columbus gynecologist can help you decide which is best for you.

Here is a brief overview of the most commonly available.

Barrier Methods: A barrier method erects a block between the sperm and egg. Options include a cervical sponge, condoms, diaphragms and cervical caps and shields. The effectiveness of these methods depends upon consistent use.

Hormonal Methods: Hormonal birth control depends upon regular administration of estrogen and progestin to prevent the ovaries from releasing an egg. Hormonal forms of birth control can be administered in the form of a pill, a patch, a shot or a vaginal ring. Extremely effective if used correctly, their efficacy depends upon consistent, reliable use.

Implantable Methods: There are two types of birth control that can be implanted – the IUD and the implantable rod. The rod works by releasing progestin, causing changes in the uterine lining and cervical mucus to prevent the unification of sperm and egg. IUDs, intrauterine devices, can be copper or hormonal based. Both are very effective and can remain in place for several years.

Permanent Methods: There are two options when it comes to permanent birth control –  sterilization or surgical implant. Both must be performed by a well-qualified Columbus gynecologist. Sterilization typically involves cutting the fallopian tubes and sealing them, thus preventing the egg from traveling to the uterus.

At Central Obstetrics and Gynecology Columbus GA, we understand that birth control is a very personal decision.  Call our office today at (706) 507-6306 to schedule an appointment to discuss your options or to speak with a member of our experienced and caring staff.

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Dr. Otto Umana Otto Umana
MD, FACOG
 
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