Treatment of Ovarian Cysts

Treatment of Ovarian Cysts Columbus GaThe ovaries are two small organs located on either side of the uterus in a woman’s body. They make hormones, including estrogen, which trigger menstruation. Every month, the ovaries release a tiny egg. The egg makes its way down the fallopian tube to potentially be fertilized. This cycle of egg release is called ovulation.

Cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can form in the ovaries. They are very common, particularly during the childbearing years.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts

Often, ovarian cysts don’t cause any symptoms. You may not realize you have one until you visit your health care provider for a routine pelvic exam. Ovarian cysts can, however, cause problems if they twist, bleed, or rupture.

If you have any of the symptoms below, it’s important to call our office because they can also be symptoms of ovarian tumors. Symptoms of ovarian cysts and tumors include:

  • Pain or bloating in the abdomen;
  • Difficulty urinating, or frequent need to urinate;
  • Dull ache in the lower back;
  • Pain during sexual intercourse;
  • Painful menstruation and abnormal bleeding;
  • Weight gain;
  • Nausea or vomiting;
  • Loss of appetite, feeling full quickly.

Our doctor may feel a lump while doing a routine pelvic exam. Most ovarian growths are benign, but a small number can be cancerous. That’s why it’s important to have any growths checked.

Tests that look for ovarian cysts or tumors include:

  • Ultrasound and other imaging tests;
  • Hormone levels blood test;
  • Laparoscopy;
  • CA-125.

How are ovarian cysts treated?

Most ovarian cysts will go away on their own. If you don’t have any bothersome symptoms – especially if you haven’t gone through menopause – your doctor may advocate ”watchful waiting.” But the doctor will check you every one to three months to see if there has been any change in the cyst.

Other treatments include:

  • Birth control pills to relieve the pain;
  • Surgery if the cyst doesn’t go away;
  • Laparoscopy, which uses a small incision and a tiny lighted instrument;
  • Chemotherapy;
  • Radiation to kill or shrink cancer cells.

If you think you may have ovarian cysts, call our Columbus ObGyn office today at (706) 507-6306 to set up an appointment or to talk to any of our highly qualified staff members. We look forward to serving you. Thank you for trusting us with your care!

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Dr. Otto Umana Otto Umana
MD, FACOG
 
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